The most important topic and one every serval owner should be concerned with is diet and nutrition. Why? Because most of the health issues suffered by servals from digestive and urinary tract problems, to obesity, to cancer can be directly tied to the foods they eat.
Feeding Pet Servals
All carnivores, including servals are made to eat and digest the raw meat, bones and organs that make up the whole carcasses of their prey. And servals are certainly no different in this respect from any other carnivore. Serval’s have a digestive tract of an obligate carnivore. This means that they cannot thrive while eating non-meat items over a long period of time. Feeding processed foods and non-meat items over the life of your cat leads to chronic health problems.
In order to stay healthy, your serval needs to eat food that contains a few basics. And the first is protein. Not only does protein help your cat to grow and develop properly, it also gives them plenty of energy. Your serval’s diet should also contain fat. Fat is another energy booster that will help your cat to be more active. Fat also helps to regulate your cat’s metabolic system. Of course, you want to make sure your cat gets the proper vitamins and minerals, most important is calcium, 54mgs per animal while kittens, tapering off to about 45 – 49mgs per pound for an adult of three years. You also want to make sure they are getting plenty of vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin C, and vitamin E. Servals need more nutrients than a domestic cat and a diet in captivity needs to be similar to the wild for them to get adequate nutrition.
Recommended Serval diets consist of raw, bone-in poultry, meat,game and fish supplemented with vitamins made for wild felines , such as wild trax, oasis feline t, calcium phosphorus powder or liquid calcuim. This includes, chicken in all forms (quarters, necks, thighs, wings and ground chicken) turkey necks and ground turkey, birds like quail , day old chicks and duck. any cut of beef and ground beef, as well as canned fish like tuna, salmon, jack mackerel. servals love mice and rabbit as well as shrimp crab lobster and scallops. You can also offer treats of such things as cheese, beef jerky, fruits like strawberries, cherries, oranges, and bananas, lettuce and tomatoes, and macaroni and cheese.
Food for kittens
Feeding your kitten basically takes the form of fine foods rather than whole. Kittens up to about 6 months will need ground meat, offered in combination with wet food. A mixture of ground raw turkey mixed with powdered dry kmr milk works well for small kittens. You may want to feed them regular cat food but most types are not well suited to these cats. Use only premium raw meat food. Invest in a meat grinder a comercial one preferably and grind whole chickens with bone and all. Some kittens, as young as 6 weeks, can chew on a whole chicken wing. also regularly feed your kitten at least twice a day kmr kitten milk. Bottle feeding enhances the bonding experience with your kitten.
Food for kittens at 6 months
By the time the Serval is about six months old they may be eating as much as a full meal and they will be able to chow down on whole chicken wings or drum sticks.
Food for mature cats
When your kitten starts to mature, you may give him a chicken leg or neck. . A piece of steak or some shrimp. When the Serval reaches maturity, you will be feeding the raw chicken with bones and all. Do not feed cooked meat. Most meat contains high levels of phosphorus and if not consumed with the proper amount of calcium will cause small or brittle bones and other problems and the cooked bones will splinter as well when they crush on the bones resulting in the serval choking to death.. Exotic cats need the correct ratio of the two minerals to be able to utilize the calcium for bone growth. It is best to let the Serval eat as much as they want but, do not leave the food out for more than a couple of hours.they need taurine and phosphorus to grown healthy bones.
Amount of food
An adult will eat between 1 and 3 pounds of meat a day. It is normal for Serval cats to eat a lot one day and less the next day but if you see that they aren't eating you should have them checked at your vets. Vitamin supplements must be considered. A feeding of grass once a week should be done for the digestive system.
Be sure to have plenty of clean water for them to drink. Having several water bowls around in the house works well. The problem is that cats don’t get thirsty as much as other animals do, so they simply won’t drink water as often as they need to. That’s why it’s important that the food they eat fulfills as much of their water needs as possible. Servals like to play in water so make sure that you keep the toilet lids closed.